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Lord Brahma

Lord brahma
Brahma vishnu mahesh

Lord Brahma is the first member of the Brahmanical triad, Lord Vishnu being the second and Lord Shiva, the third. Brahma is the god of creation and he is traditionally accepted as the Creator of the entire universe. According to the Brahma Purana, he is the father of Mānu, and from Mānu all human beings are descended. He is not to be confused with the Supreme Cosmic Spirit in Hindu Vedānta philosophy known as Brahman, which is genderless.

* Birth of Lord Brahma

Brahma is referred to in many texts as Swayambhu (self-born) or aja (unborn). Nobody created him, he is self existent, the first cause of all and existing by his own intrinsic powers.

In one version, it is said that Brahma created the primeval waters and deposited his seed, the cosmic seed, the golden egg in the waters. The glistening golden egg was inanimate and so Brahma Himself entered it to animate it. It broke and form it came Brahma, once again. So he is called Hiranyagarbha or born of a golden egg. Being born in water, Brahmā is also called Kanja (born in water).

In another version, in a Puranic text called the Vamanapurana, it is said that in the very beginning all was water. The germ of living beings gathered into an egg. Brahma who was within the egg, went off to sleep therein. The sleep continued for a thousand yugas or ages.

According to the Puranas, He is pitamaha (patriarch), vidhi (originator), Iokesha (master of the universe), dhatru (sustainer) and Viswakarma (architect of the world). Mythology describes Brahma as springing from Kamala (lotus), from the nabhi (navel) of Vishnu. Hence, his names Nabhija (navel born), Kanja (water born). Brahmā is said also to be the son of the Supreme Being, Brahman, and the female energy known as Prakrit or Maya. Brahma also known as Prajapati is the creator par excellence.

lordbrahma and his sons

* Brahma the creator

At the beginning of the process of creation, Brahmā created eleven Prajapatis , who are believed to be the fathers of the human race. The Manusmriti enumerates them as Marici, Atri, Angiras, Pulastya, Pulaha, Kratuj, Vashishta, Pracetas or Daksha, Bhrigu, and Nārada. He is also said to have created the seven great sages or the Saptarishi to help him create the universe. However since all these sons of his were born out of his mind rather than body, they are called Manas Putras or mind-sons or spirits.

*Brahma and Saraswati

There are many contradictory information about Brahma and Saraswati could be found in all Puranas and veda and mythological informations. Few consider Saraswati as Lord Brahma's consort while same time few says Saraswati is Brahma's daughter. There are some perception contradiction in this matter because Saraswati is created by Lord Brahma like his other manasputra so in that sense Saraswati considered as lord Brahma's daughter.

Sarswati

In order to create the world and produce the human race, Brahma made a goddess out of himself. One half was woman and the other half was man. Brahma called the woman Gayatri, but she also became known by many other names such as Saraswati. Brahma sprouted five heads, so that he could watch Gayatri at all times. To restrain Brahma's lust, Shiva wrenched off one of Brahma's five heads. This helped Brahma come to his senses, and he took Saraswati, the goddess of knowledge, as his consort. With her help, he regained control of his mind.

Brahma and his consort Saraswati, represent the vedas, their spirit and meaning. They form the subject of many tales in Hindu literature. All knowledge, religious and secular emanate from them. The name Narayana (one dwelling in the causal water, the abode of man) was applied to him first and later to Vishnu. The Avatars (incarnations) of fish (matsya) and tortoise (koorma) (later called the avatars of Vishnu), the boar (varaha) to raise the earth from under the waters and created the world, the sages, and Prajapatis were all attributed to Brahma originally and shifted to Vishnu later. Brahma, created all knowledge, sciences, arts, music, dance and drama. He also officiated over the wedding of Shiva and Parvati.

lord brahma

*The symbolism of Brahma

One of the earliest iconographic descriptions of Brahma is that of the four-faced god seated on a lotus. The Lord has in his four hands a water-pot (kamandalu), a manuscript (Vedas), a sacrificial implement (sruva) and a rosary (mala). He wears the hide of a black antelope and his vehicle is a swan {hamsa).

The description of Brahma like those of other deities of Hinduism bears a mystic symbolism.

The Lotus

The lotus represents the Reality. Brahma sitting on the lotus indicates that he is ever-rooted in the infinite Reality. Reality is the foundation on which his personality rests.

The Four Faces Of Brahma

The four faces of Brahma represent the four Vedas. They also symbolise the functioning of the inner personality (antahkarana) which consists of thoughts. They are the mind (manas), the intellect (buddhi), ego (ahamkara) and conditioned-consciousness (chitta). They represent the four ways in which thoughts function. They are the manifestations of the unmanifest Consciousness.

The Animal Hide

The animal hide worn by Brahma stands for austerity.

Objects in Hands

A seeker who desires to realize his godhead must first go through spiritual disciplines. Observing such austerities the seeker must carefully study and reflect upon the scriptural truths which are suggested by the manuscript (Vedas) held in one hand.

Having acquired the knowledge of scriptures he must work in the world without ego and egocentric desires, that is engage in dedicated and sacrificial service for the welfare of the world. This idea is suggested by the sacrificial implement held in the second hand.

When a man works in the world selflessly he drops his desires. He is no longer extroverted, materialistic, sensual. His mind is withdrawn from its preoccupations with the world of objects and beings. Such a mind is said to be in uparati. A man who has reached the state of uparati is in a spirit of renunciation. That is indicated by Brahma holding the kamandalu in his hand. Kamandalu is a water-pot used by a sanyasi-a man of renunciation. It is a symbol of sanyasa or renunciation. The mind of such a man which is withdrawn from the heat of passion of the world is available for deeper concentration and meditation.

The rosary (mala) in the fourth hand is meant to be used for chanting and meditation. Meditation is the final gateway to Realization. Through deep and consistent meditation the mind gets annihilated and the seeker attains godhood. A god-man maintains his identity with his supreme Self while he is engaged in the world of perceptions, emotions and thoughts. He retains the concept of unity in diversity. He separates the pure unconditioned consciousness underlying this conditioned world of names and forms.

The Swan

Brahma's association with a swan is most appropriate in this context. A swan is described in Hindu mysticism as possessing the unique faculty of separating pure milk from a mixture of milk and water. It is reputed to have the ability to draw the milk alone and leave the water behind. Similarly does a man of Realization move about in the world recognizing the one divinity in the pluralistic phenomena of the world.

* Why Brahma being not worshiped like other Gods

Despite the fact that Brahma is one of the trimurthis, there are no temples dedicated to his worship, except the place of pilgrimage, Pushkar in Ajmer. Puranas give crude reasons for this.

Mythology states that when Brahmā created the world ,he also created Saraswati and Kaamadev, the god of lust.Kaamdev decides to test his powers on Brahmā and Saraswati was only female around him a that moment. Brahmā was deeply attracted by her beauty and even considered to make her his consort. But Saraswati denied him and made him realize the relationship between them. Brahmā then full of guilt scorched his own body and resumed another body which is free from any kind of lust. As an act of remorse towards Vishnu who has given Brahmā the previous body, Brahmā decides to give Saraswati to Vishnu who is the only one to truly deserve his daughter. Many followers of Lakshmi (the first wife of Vishnu), don't appreciate it even though Saraswati remains mostly in Brahmalok(Place of Brahma)to gain knowledge and to maintain a healthy relationship with Lakshmi. It is however said that Brahmā did not go unpunished for his attempt and was cursed by lord Shiva that no one in the entire world will pray to him as he could not overpower his thoughts despite being one of the Tridev.

Various stories in Hindu mythology talk about curses that have supposedly prevented Brahmā from being worshiped on Earth. Interestingly, the Bhavishya Purana states that, certain 'daityas' or demons had begun to worship Brahma and therefore the 'devas' of heaven could not defeat them. In order to mislead the daityas from the worship of Brahma, Vishnu appeared on Earth, as Buddha and Mahavira. With various arguments he convinced the daityas to leave the worship of Brahma. Having left the worship of Brahma, the daityas lost power and were hence defeated. The Bhavishya Purana lays out that altogether, giving up the worship of Brahma, was unacceptable in Hindu religion. This is because Brahma signifies a personification of Brahman (God) or is a manifestation of Brahman (God).

According to a story in the Shiva Purana (dedicated to Lord Shiva), at the beginning of time in Cosmos, Vishnu and Brahmā approached a huge Shiva linga and set out to find its beginning and end. Vishnu was appointed to seek the end and Brahma the beginning. Taking the form of a boar, Vishnu began digging downwards into the earth, while Brahma took the form of a swan and began flying upwards. However, neither could find His appointed destination. Vishnu, satisfied, came up to Shiva and bowed down to him as a swarupa of Brahman. Brahmā did not give up so easily. As He was going up, he saw a ketaki flower, dear to Shiva. His ego forced him to ask the flower to bear false witness about Brahmā's discovery of Shiva's beginning. When Brahmā told his tale, Shiva, the all-knowing, was angered by the former's ego. Shiva thus cursed him that no being in the three worlds will worship him.

A depiction of Khambhavati Ragini, A lady worshiping Brahma According to another legend, Brahmā is not worshiped because of a curse by the great sage Brahmarishi Bhrigu. The high priest Bhrigu was organizing a great fire-sacrifice (yajna) on Earth. It was decided that the greatest among all Gods would be made the presiding deity. Bhrigu then set off to find the greatest among the Trimurti. When he went to Brahmā, the god was so immersed in the music played by Saraswati that he could hardly hear Bhrigu's calls. The enraged Bhrigu then cursed Brahmā that no person on Earth would ever invoke him or worship him again

Festivals

Not worshipped much, except at the Pushkar Lake Temple (Ajmer, Rajasthan) and Temple in Dera (Kullu, HP) specifically during Baisakh and Sawan. In many places in HP, devotees place a black stone under banyan trees and worship it as Brahmaji's image.

* Brahma, Cosmos, Time & Epoch:

Brahma presides over 'Brahmaloka,' a universe that contains all the splendors of the earth and all other worlds. In Hindu cosmology the universe exists for a single day called the 'Brahmakalpa'. This day is equivalent to four billion earth years, at the end of which the whole universe gets dissolved. This process is called 'pralaya', which repeats for such 100 years, a period that represents Brahma's lifespan. After Brahma's "death", it is necessary that another 100 of his years pass until he is reborn and the whole creation begins anew. Linga Purana, which delineates the clear calculations of the different cycles, indicates that Brahma's life is divided in one thousand cycles or 'Maha Yugas'.