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Lord Murugan

Abode of Lord murugan

Kartikeya – beloved son of Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati or Shakti and brother of Lord Ganesha mirrors perfection. Kartikeya is worshipped particularly among the South Indians both India and abroad and is better known as Murugan. 'Murugu' means beauty hence 'Murugan' means 'Beautiful one'. He is an embodiment of perfection, a brave leader of god's forces, and a war god, who was created to destroy the demons, representing the negative tendencies in human beings. He is handsome, virile and violent. He is the patron deity of the Tamil land. According to them Murugan never hesitates to come to the aid of a devotee when called upon in godliness or suffering.

* Purpose of Kartikeya's Birth,

* Story Behind Kartikeya's Birth

* Significance Of His Appearance

* Kartikeya's Other Names and their meaning

* Shloka

* Way to Worship Lord Kartikeya(Murugan)

* Some Of Murugan's Famouse Temples

* Other Interesting Information

Lord murugan's family

* Purpose of Kartikeya's Birth,

According to Puran, Prajapati Daksh son of Lord Brahma did great Tapa to request Adishakti to born as his daughter who was destined to wed Lord Shiva. However, when Lord shiva punished and cut off one head of Lord Brahma for talking disrespectfully to him angered Prajapati Daksh and he developed animosity towards Lord Shiva. Due to his animosity towards Shiva and same time great affection for his dear daughter Dakshayani or Sati, he did not find Lord Shiva who was vairagi, lived in cemetery, smear with ashes, and had no wealth possession, as suitable life partner for his daughter.

When Sati wed Lord Shiva going against her father Prajapati Daksh's wish Daksh decided to take revenge for this insult. Only for that purpose he arranged grand yagna and did not invite his daughter and Son in law (Lord Shiva) , Sati was enraged seeing her husband's insult and immolated herself in the Yagna.

Grieved by his beloved wife's death Lord Shiva dejected from worldly affairs and went into deep samadhi (meditation). Demon King Tarakasur believed that, because Lord Shiva is an ascetic and his earlier marriage was conducted with great difficulty, his remarriage was out of the question, hence his boon of being killed by Shiva's son alone would give him invincibility. For that purpose Tarakasur, after great tapa, pleased Brahma and gained a boon that no one except Shiva's son should kill him.

After getting this boon Tarakasur became too strong to be defeated by anyone. He attacked Swarg Loka (Heaven) and dethroned God King Indra. Gods had only one way to win back their Kingdom and that was Lord Shiva's son.

Same boon was given to Demon Surapadma by Lord Shiva. Now only Lord Shiva's son could save them from Tarakasur and Surapadma's tyranny and for that they decided to break Lord Shiva's meditation and asked Kaamdev (God of Love) to help them to accomplish this mission. The God of love awaken Lord Shiva from Meditation, but Kaamdev incurred the Lord's wrath indicated by the opening his third eye and being destroyed and resurrected.

Once woken up from His meditation, Lord Shiva heard plight of His devotee and other Gods and promised to rescue them from this situation. Lord Shiva was impressed by great tapa done by Devi Parvati (who was Dakshayani, reborn), Daughter of Mountain King Himavat and queen Menavati, and accepted her as his wife.

* Story Behind Kartikeya's Birth,

After their marriage, Lord Shiva and Devi Parvati lived happily at Mt. Gandhamadana. Once, while they were enjoying an intimate moment, a small quantity of Shiva's vital fluid fell on the ground. Tremendous amount of heat began emanating from it and it threatened to engulf the entire world in flames. Acting on the advice of Brahma and Vishnu, Agni went there in the guise of a mendicant and devoured the vital fluid. (Some versions say that Shiva assumed a 6-headed form and from each third eye, a spark of flame came out. These sparks were given to Agni.) Parvati felt insulted. She cursed Agni saying, "From this day thou shall be omnivorous and eat unclean things. The vital fluid that you have devoured shall cause an unbearable inflammation on your body."

Instantly, Agni got unbearable inflammation on his body. He beseeched Lord Shiva for a way to end his agony. Lord Shiva said, "You will be relieved of this affliction when you transfer my vital fluid to the womb of a woman."

lord murugan's birth

Agni retired to a desolate place, waiting for a suitable woman to arrive. He beheld the six Kritikas, all shivering with cold that arrived there. he ejects it (vomits it) and its heat is absorbed by the wives of the saptarishis - all except Arundhati, who had not come near the holy fire for warmth and so was not impregnated. They too cannot bear the pain and burning of this holy power and are tortured by trying to bear it. In the end, when their husbands came to know of this, they cursed the six women, to be turned into stars in a constellation in the sky, rejected by their husbands, they all vomit up this seed as well and it all flows together into a single womb-child. There it lay for a while, but even Himalaya could not bear its weight, so he flings it into The holy river Ganga. Ganga carried the foetuses to a secluded place, called the SaraVana, which was covered with reeds. After some time, Lord Kartikeya manifested from those reeds. Since he was born to six mothers, he had six heads. Since he was born in the SaraVana, he is also known as Saravana.

[Note: The Six Kritikas are the stars of the constellation Pleiades. In other texts, Agni carries the six sparks that fell from the third eye of Shiva, not his vital fluid. The sparks are deposited in a pond in the Sara Vana, where six babies are born on a lotus each. The Krittikas who came there, nursed the babies. When Parvati and Shiva came there, Parvati took all the babies in her arms and made them into one, albeit with six heads.]

The Devas rejoiced at the birth of this child. Lord Shiva and Parvati went to the place where the child was born. Parvati prayed to Shiva that she should be the mother of Kartikeya and no one else and Lord Shiva granted her this boon.

As per a prior prophesy, the child Kartikeya was appointed as the command-in-chief of the Devas.

murugan with six heads murugan's appearance

* Significance Of His Appearance,

His Six Heads: Kartikeya's is represented as Shanmukha with Six Heads, which signifies the Six Siddhis corresponding to the role of the bestower of siddhis over the course of their spiritual development. It also represents the five senses and the mind. The six heads also stand for his virtues enables him to see in all the directions - an important attribute that ensures that he counters all kinds' blows that can hit him.

The war imagery and the six heads of Kartikeya indicates that if humans wish to lead themselves efficiently through the battle of life, they must always be alert lest they are shown the wrong path by crafty people with the six demonic vices: kaama (sex), krodha (anger), lobha (greed), moha (passion), mada (ego) and matsarya (jealousy).

Weapons: Kartikeya carries spear called shakti (vel given to him by His mother) in one hand which symbolizes the destruction of negative tendencies in humans and bless his devotees by the other hand. He is also depicted with weapons including sword, javelin, mace, discus and a bow although more usually he is depicted wielding a shakti or spear. The javelin Lord Muruga holds is used to symbolize His far reaching protection, His bow shows His ability to defeat all ills, His mace represents His strength, and His discus symbolizes His knowledge of truth.

Vehicle: He rides on the pious peacock that grips with its feet a serpent, which symbolizes the ego and desires of people, coiled to the feet.. The peacock represents the destroyer of harmful habits and the conqueror of sensual desires. The symbolism of Kartikeya thus points to the ways and means of reaching perfection in life.

Purpose of Kartikeya's birth was to kill demon Surapadman and when the time was ripe to destroy Sura Padman, Parvati gave him her Shakti Vel. Murugan fought with Sura Padman, destroyed him. During the fight, every time his head was cut, Surapadman got a new head – a lions, a tigers, goat, etc. Murugan decided to cut him up vertically in two halves when he took the form of a tree. He is kind even to his enemies and thus took one half of the tree as his vahana (vehicle) in the form of a peacock and took the other half of the tree as a cock emblem in his flag.

lord murugan lord murugan lord kartikeya

* Kartikeya's Other Names and their meaning

Lord Kartikeya is known by several other names as following

1. Kartikeya- The six babies that were lying on the lotuses in the Saravanappond were nursed by the Devis of the constellation, Krittikai (the 3rd Star). Hence the Lord came to be known by the name of Kartikeya or Kartikeya Swamy.

2. Shanmukha- Lord with six-faces. The story tells us how from the Trikuti of Lord Shiva The Divine Sparks flashed out and how Agni and Vayu carried them and dropped them into the Ganga. Ganga took the Rays to Saravana Pond. Thus we see the combination of all the five elements in the avatara of Lord Shanmukha. The Light, which stands for the Divine Spirit and source of Life to all beings, enters Akasa (space) from its abode in the Lord (Lord Shiva's Trikuti). On reaching Akasa, it was received by Agni (represented in the Puranas as god of Fire) and Vayu (the Wind-god), who carry the Sparks to Mother Ganga. Ganga here represents the element of water. Taking these Sparks she leaves them in the Saravana Pond, which stands for the earth (Prithvi) element.

Lord Shanmukha is indicative of the combination of the five elements with the spirit, as is the case with every living being on earth. But to distinguish and glorify the personality and the achievements of the Lord, who had come to save the suffering lives and to punish the wicked, every one of the elements has been represented by one face. And the sixth face represents the Life-principle or the Spirit. Thus have the omniscience, the omnipotence and the omnipresence of the Almighty been gloriously personified for the easy grasp of the average mind.

3. Subrahmanya- The Svarupa of Lord Shanmukha is Jyotirmaya. It is the Divine Spark from the Trikuti of Lord Shiva that created the six-faced Lord Shanmukha. It denotes the light of lights that illumines the hearts of all. Further, it also means the Light that destroys the darkness of ignorance of the Jivas.

The Lord who had taken the Avatara to destroy the veil of Maya behind which Surapadman was suffering and to enable him to have a cosmic vision of the Lord, has been rightly called Subrahmanya.

4. Skanda- One, whose presence is sweet-smelling or fragrant. This term 'Skanda' was used by Parvati Devi when she took the newborn babies from the six lotus flowers in Saravana Pond. In the material world, even the best scent loses its fragrance after a time; even the most fragrant flower does not last long. But in the case of His Divine Form, the word Skanda is, indeed, very aptly used. For, only everlasting beauty and undying fragrance can be had in that Abode of Eternal Bliss and Supreme Happiness.

'Skanda' also means 'the joined One'. When Parvati Devi took the six babies from the six lotuses, they joined themselves and assumed a single body with six faces and twelve hands. Hence He is called as Skanda. He also causes the joining or union (Yoga) of the Jiva with Himself.

'Skanda' also means 'One who was ejected' or 'One who leaped out' and refers to the way of His emanation from the third-eye of Lord Shiva.

5. Shikhivahana- Because peacock is his vehicle

6. Guhan- One who dwells in the cave of the heart. As the Lord who is adored in various forms and names, as above, is the Indweller of the hearts of all and the Inner-controller of all, He has been named as Guhan. He dwells in the cave of the heart of all and especially those of His devotees to whom He is more easily accessible than to others whose minds are not turned towards Him. Guha means a cave. The heart is compared to a cave. The Light of lights that illumines the cave of all hearts is Lord Shanmukha or Guha.

7. Murugan - Murugan is a Tamil name given to Lord Shanmukha. The term Murugan represents a being with everlasting beauty, eternal youth and Godliness. The form of Lord Shanmukha has and therefore, it is been aptly denoted by the ancients as Murugan.

8. Devasenapati : The child Kartikeya was appointed as the command-in-chief of the Devas

9. Kumara- As the Lord is endowed with eternal beauty and everlasting youth, He is named the Kumar (son) of Lord Shiva as Kumaran, Kumaraswamy or Kumara Devan are variations.

10. Saktithara murty - We find with Lord Kartikeya, personalities illustrating the various Shaktis. The Vel represents Gyana Shakti. Valli and Deivayanai, His consorts, represent Iccha Shakti and Kriya Shakti, respectively. Hence Lord Shanmukha is known by the name of the Lord of Shaktis or the Lord who grants Shaktis to all. Therefore he is called Shaktidhara Murty.

11. Gangeyan - The son of Mother Ganga. As the Divine Sparks were carried over to Saravana Pond by Mother Ganga, the form of the Lord that came out was called Gangeya.

12. Swaminathan - Shanmukha put Lord Brahma in prison on the ground that Brahma, though the creator, was himself ignorant of the full significance of the Pranava. To release him, Lord Shiva went over to Lord Shanmukha. After complying with the orders of His father, Shanmukha revealed to Lord Shiva the secret of the Pranava. Shiva heard this secret discourse on Pranava in the attitude of a disciple receiving Upadesam from his Guru.

Hence the Lord was named as Swaminathan or Guruswami or Shiva Gurunathan. 'Swami' denotes Lord Shiva, and 'Nathan' means Guru or Lord. Glory to Lord Skanda, the illuminator of our Intellects! Glory to Lord Swaminathan, the Inner-controller of all!

13. Velayuthan - Whose Divine Weapon is the Vel or Spear. When Lord Subrahmanya was about to embark on His adventures in the South for the conquest of the Asuras, Devi parvati out of His supreme powers moulded a spear-like weapon (known as Vel) for Lord Skanda to wield. It is by this Vel that Surapadman and his Asura dynasty were destroyed. This Vel represents the Gyan Shakti Supreme Knowledge that tears asunder the veil of ignorance. The embodiment of this Supreme Knowledge is in the form of Lord Subrahmanya, who is Knowledge Absolute. Thus Lord Subrahmanya is termed as Velayudha, one who is having the weapon, Vel, with him always and it also means one who destroys ignorance (Agyaana) and bestows Supreme Knowledge (Gyana) on His devotees.

14. Vel Murugan – He carries his weapon Vel(Spear).

15. Mahasena- As he gathered and led a huge army to kill the demons.

16 Sarvanabhava - The Mantra of Lord Shanmukha, the six-faced Lord, is thesix-syllabled word "Saravanabhava." Saravana actually means a shrub that grows in plenty in Marshy places (Naanal). As the Lord had His Avatara in a lotus-pond surrounded on all sides by this shrub, He was known by the name of Saravanabhava, and the word 'Saravanabhava' has become the very Mantra of the Deity. By the repetition of this Mantra man can achieve the highest goal of life Peace and Happiness. The six-lettered word has its own significance. Just as the six faces represent the five elements of matter and the Spirit, each of the first five syllables stands for one element and the sixth for the Spirit. Repetition of this Mantra alone, with concentration of mind Bhava, can bestow on the aspirant mental peace and happiness, and success in all his undertakings. The sound-effect of this word has a soothing influence over the troubled waters of the mind-lake. The glory and importance of such a Mantra evolved by the sages of yore cannot be overestimated.

17. Tarakjeet - He killed demon Tarakasur

18. Shaktidhara

19. Tarakari

20. Agnibhoo

21. Gangja

22. Sanmatura

23. Mayilvaganan

24. Sadanana

25. Arumugan

26. Vishagan

27. Vallimanallan

28. Soorasankaran

* Shloka

Gayatri Mantras of Lord Kartikeya

'Om Thatpurushaya Vidhmahe
Maha Senaya Dhimahi
Thanno Skanda Prachodhayath'
Om Thatpurushaya Vidhmahe
Maha Senaya Dhimahi
Thanno Shanmuga Prachodhayath'

* Way to Worship Lord Kartikeya(Murugan)

Lord Murugan is worshipped in a significant and grand manner. The festival of Skanda Shasthi Vritham celebrated in south as the day on which Kartikeya defeated demon Tarakasur. It lasts for six days, starting with the day following the new moon of Aswin and is extremely an important celebration of Lord Muruga. Some devotees observe partial or full fast on each Shasti day and throughout the Skanda Shasti period.

Vaikasi Visakam is celebrated as the birthday of Murugan in the Tamil month of Vaikasi (May - June)

Thiru Kartikeya in November - December, Thaipusam festival in January - February, and Pankuni Uttiram festival in March - April are other festivals associated with Subramanya Swamy.

In Kanda Puranam, Saint Vasistha has said that if one worships Lord Muruga on Friday and fasts on that day all his wishes get fulfilled. By worshipping the Karthikai star on which Lord Muruga was born and observing a fast, one's problem will be removed and will be liberated from all tensions.

Puranas says that Lord Muruga taught language Tamil to Saint Agasthiar where he sat himself as the leader for the academy of poets and the language flourished. Accordingly he is called the God of Tamil.


Taking 'Kavadi' to please Lord Muruga is also considered to be another important worship of Lord Muruga. The devotee takes a vow to live the life of an ascetic for a particular period and the travel ends to the temple of Lord Muruga by bare foot bearing the Kavadi. Devotees can carry different varieties of Kavadi like flower, milk pot etc. But usually devotees carry a semi-circled Kavadi with decorated canopy supported by a wooden rod to the temple of Lord Muruga where special prayers are offered.

* Some Of Murugan's Famous Temples

There are numerous temples dedicated to Lord Murugan in India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Singapore, United Kingdom, New Zealand, and Canada. The most famous among them are the

1) Arupadaiveedu Temples in Tamilnadu - This include six Murugan Temples are Palani Murugan Temple, Swamimalai Murugan Temple, Tiruchendur Subrahmanya Swami Temple, Thiruthani Subramanya Swamy Temple, Pazhamudircholai Murugan Temple, and Tirupparamkunram Murugan Temple

2) Shri Mallikarjun, Srisailam (Known as Mount Kailash of South India) in Tamilnadu

3) Kukke Subramanya Temple in Karnataka

4) Sri Thandayuthapani Temple in Singapore

5) Shiva Murugan Temple in Northern California, United States

6) Sri Shivasubramaniar Temple in Switzerland

7) Highgate Hill Murugan temple in United Kingdom

8) Sydney Murugan Temple in Australia

9) Canada Kandasamy Temple in Ontario

10) Nallur Kandaswamy temple in Srilanka

11) Batu Caves Temple in Malaysia

* Other Interesting Information

Since Kartikeya was born through surrogate mothers under a secret plan of stealth by gods, depriving, Parvatiji of the pleasure of motherhood, Parvatiji cursed all devine females(Goddesses) that none will ever be capable of producing a child. Kartikeya's wives are Devsena and Valli